Anangpal Tomar II

MAY 25

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Why in news?

  • The National Monuments Authority (NMA) has planned to erect a statue of Anangpal Tomar II in central Delhi and develop it into a tourist spot.

About Anangpal Tomar II:

  • Anangpal Tomar II belonged to the Tomar dynasty
  • He is known to have established and populated Delhi in the 11th century.
  • He was succeeded by his grandson Prithviraj Chauhan, who was defeated by the Ghurid forces in the Battle of Tarain (present-day Haryana) after which the Delhi Sultanate was established in 1192.
  • The Vishnu Garud Dhwaj (iron pillar) in the Qutub complex was also brought by King Anangpal Tomar II.
  • He also built Lal Kot fort and Anangtal Baoli.

About Tomar Dynasty:

  • Tomara dynasty is one of the minor early medieval ruling houses of northern India. It ruled parts of present-day Delhi and Haryana between the 8th and 12th centuries.
  • According to bardic tradition, the dynasty was one of the 36 Rajput tribes.
  • Anangpal I was the founder of Tomar Dynasty of Delhi, who had reigned during the 8th century.
  • Although Delhi subsequently became decisively a part of the Chauhan kingdom, numismatic and comparatively late literary evidence indicates that Tomara kings such as Anangapala and Madanapala continued to rule as feudatories, presumably until the final conquest of Delhi by the Muslims in 1192–93.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

Consider the following statements regarding  Anangpal Tomar II

1. He was the founder of Dhillika Puri, which eventually became Delhi

2. He fought against Ghurid forces in Second Battle of Tarain

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer