Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023)
Environment and Ecology > Global warming > Reports and indices
Why in news?
- India jumps 2 spots higher, and is now ranked 8th as per Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023).
About Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023):
- Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023) is published by German Watch, New Climate Institute and Climate Action Network International based in Germany.
- The CCPI aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.
- It is published annually since 2005
- It is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the climate protection performance of 59 countries and the EU, which together account for 92% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
- The climate protection performance of 59 countries is assessed in four categories:
- GHG Emissions (40% of overall score)
- Renewable Energy (20% of overall score)
- Energy Use (20% of overall score)
- Climate Policy (20% of overall score).
India’s Performance in CCPI 2023:
- The first, second and third ranks were not awarded to any country.
- India is ranked at the 8th spot.
- India earned a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories, while a medium for Climate Policy and Renewable Energy.
- As per the CCPI report, India is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets (compatible with a well-below-2°C scenario).
- The ranking given by CCPI places India as the only G-20 country in the top 10 rank.
Consider the following statements:
1. Climate Change Performance Index is annually published by UNDP
2. India remains the highest ranked country for the past three years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2