Disaster Management Plan for Panchayats
2022 MAR 24
Polity > Local Self Government > Panchayati Raj
Why in news?
- The Union Minister of Panchayati Raj has released the ‘Disaster Management Plan of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj’.
About Disaster Management Plan for Panchayats:
- India has been vulnerable in varying degrees to many natural as well as human-made disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic and socio-economic conditions.
- Hence, considering the important role that local communities can play in reducing vulnerabilities and early recovery, Disaster Management Plan (DMP) has been prepared so that all Panchayati Raj Institutions and communities can be prepared for any disaster.
Aim of the plan:
- To develop disaster resilience at the grassroots level among the Panchayats and establish a framework to align the disaster management measures in rural areas to that of the National Disaster Management Authority.
Areas covered under the Plan:
- The plan covers areas such as
- Institutional arrangement for Disaster Management
- Hazard Risk, Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis
- Coherence of Disaster Risk Management across Resilient Development and Climate Change Action
- Disaster Specific Preventive and Mitigation Measures-Responsibility Framework
- Mainstreaming of Community Based Disaster Management Plan of Villages and Panchayats and so on.
Key Features of the Plan:
- The plan has been prepared with a larger perspective of community-based planning starting from Village to District Panchayat level.
- Under the Plan, every Indian village would have a “Village Disaster Management Plan” and every Panchayat would have their Disaster Management Plan.
Consider the following statements regarding ‘Disaster Management Plan for Panchayats’:
1. Under the Plan, every Indian village would have a ‘Village Disaster Management Plan’.
2. It aims to establish a framework to align the disaster management measures in rural areas to that of the National Disaster Management Authority.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2