Environment and Ecology > Species extinction & protection > Species in news
Why in news?
- The Mahanadi Wildlife Division in Odisha announced June 10 a cash reward of Rs 1,000 for rescuing gharials, a critically endangered crocodile species, and informing wildlife personnel.
- Gharials are a type of Asian crocodilian distinguished by their long, thin snouts.
- They live in clear freshwater river systems.
- Once found from Pakistan to Myanmar, the reptile's range has shrunk to two countries:
- India: along the Chambal, Girwa and Son Rivers
- Nepal: along the Narayani River
- The IUCN classifies the species as critically endangered. The Indian government has granted the species full protection by listing it in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- National Chambal Sanctuary along the river Chambal in Madhya Pradesh is the longest protected area of the species.
- The Mahanadi is a major river in East Central India.
- It drains an area of around 141,600 square kilometres and has a total course of 858 kilometres.
- Mahanadi is also known for the Hirakud Dam.
- Seonath, Mand, Hasdeo and Ong are some of the main tributaries of the river
Consider the following statements regarding Gharials:
1.They are endemic to the Indian Subcontinent.
2.They are classified as Critically endangered in the IUCN list
Choose the correct statements from the codes given below:
(c)Both 1 and 2
(d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer to Prelims question