2023 MAY 22
Environment and Ecology > Biodiversity > Species in news
Why in news?
- The Arignar Anna Zoological Park in Vandalur gave a male gharial, a freshwater crocodile, to the Chennai Snake Park under the 'breeding loan' programme prescribed by the Central Zoo Authority of India (CZAI).
- Gharials are a type of Asian crocodilian distinguished by their long, thin snouts.
- They live in clear freshwater river systems.
- Once found from Pakistan to Myanmar, the reptile's range has shrunk to two countries:
- India: along the Chambal, Girwa and Son Rivers
- Nepal: along the Narayani River
- The IUCN classifies the species as critically endangered.
- Full protection by listing it in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- National Chambal Sanctuary along the river Chambal in Madhya Pradesh is the longest protected area of the species.
Consider the following statements regarding Gharials:
1. They are endemic to the Indian Subcontinent.
2. They are classified as critically endangered in the IUCN list
Choose the correct statements from the codes given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2