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2023 MAY 22

Preliminary   > Environment and Ecology   >   Biodiversity   >   Species in news

Why in news?

  • The Arignar Anna Zoological Park in Vandalur gave a male gharial, a freshwater crocodile, to the Chennai Snake Park under the 'breeding loan' programme prescribed by the Central Zoo Authority of India (CZAI).

About Gharials:

  • Gharials are a type of Asian crocodilian distinguished by their long, thin snouts.
  • They live in clear freshwater river systems.
  • Once found from Pakistan to Myanmar, the reptile's range has shrunk to two countries:
    • India: along the Chambal, Girwa and Son Rivers
    • Nepal: along the Narayani River
  • The IUCN classifies the species as critically endangered.
  • Full protection by listing it in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • National Chambal Sanctuary along the river Chambal in Madhya Pradesh is the longest protected area of the species.


Consider the following statements regarding Gharials:

1. They are endemic to the Indian Subcontinent.

2. They are classified as critically endangered in the IUCN list

Choose the correct statements from the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2