Global Gender Gap Index
Social Justice > Miscellaneous > Reports and indices
Why in news?
- Recently, the World Economic Forum (WEF) ranked India at 135 out of 146 countries in its Global Gender Gap (GGG) Index for 2022.
About Global Gender Gap Index:
- The gender gap is the difference between women and men as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes.
- It benchmarks countries on their progress towards gender parity in four Key dimensions with Sub Matrices.
- Economic Participation and Opportunity
- Educational Attainment
- Health and Survival
- Political Empowerment
- On each of the four sub-indices as well as on the overall index the GGG index provides scores between 0 and 1, where 1 shows full gender parity and 0 is complete imparity.
- It is the longest-standing index, which tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.
- To serve as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics.
- Through this annual yardstick, the stakeholders within each country are able to set priorities relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context.
- India’s overall score has improved from 0.625 (in 2021) to 0.629, which is its seventh-highest score in the last 16 years.
- In 2021, India was ranked 140 out of 156 countries
Global Gender Gap Index is published by:
(a) United Nations Entity for Gender Equality
(b) Global Fund for Women
(c) World Bank
(d) World Economic Forum