Global Gender Gap Index

JUL 15

Preliminary   > Social Justice   >   Miscellaneous   >   Reports and indices

Why in news?

  • Recently, the World Economic Forum (WEF) ranked India at 135 out of 146 countries in its Global Gender Gap (GGG) Index for 2022.

About Global Gender Gap Index:

  • The gender gap is the difference between women and men as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes.
  • It benchmarks countries on their progress towards gender parity in four Key dimensions with Sub Matrices.
    • Economic Participation and Opportunity
    • Educational Attainment
    • Health and Survival
    • Political Empowerment
  • On each of the four sub-indices as well as on the overall index the GGG index provides scores between 0 and 1, where 1 shows full gender parity and 0 is complete imparity.
  • It is the longest-standing index, which tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.

Objectives:

  • To serve as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics.
  • Through this annual yardstick, the stakeholders within each country are able to set priorities relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context.

 India:

  • India’s overall score has improved from 0.625 (in 2021) to 0.629, which is its seventh-highest score in the last 16 years.
  • In 2021, India was ranked 140 out of 156 countries

PRACTICE QUESTION:

Global Gender Gap Index is published by:

(a) United Nations Entity for Gender Equality

(b) Global Fund for Women

(c) World Bank

(d) World Economic Forum

Answer