Guru Tegh Bahadur

APR 21

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Why in news?

  • The 401st birth anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur was observed on 21st April, 2022.

About Guru Tegh Bahadur:

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 19 December 1675) was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
  • He was born at Amritsar in 1621 and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind and his term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675.
    • One hundred and fifteen of his hymns are in Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur founded the city of Anandpur Sahib in the foothills of Himalayas.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in 1675 on Aurangzeb’s orders.
    • Sikh tradition states that the guru stood up for the rights of Kashmiri Pandits who approached him to intercede on their behalf with the emperor and ask him to revoke a recently imposed jizya (tax) and was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for himself refusing Mughal rulers and defying them.
  • Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi mark the places of execution and cremation of his body.

PRACTICE QUESTION

Consider the following statements:

1. Guru Nanak was a contemporary of Emperor Akbar.

2. Bijak are compositions of Sikh Gurus.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer