INS Vikrant (IAC-1)

JAN 11

Preliminary   > Science and Technology   >   Defence technology   >   Basics of defence technology

Why in news?

  • India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, begins another phase of sea trials.
  • It is scheduled to be commissioned into the Indian Navy in August 2022.

About INS Vikrant (IAC-1):

  • INS Vikrant (IAC-I) is the first aircraft carrier built in India.
  • It has been designed by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design (DND), and is being built at Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL), a public sector shipyard under the Ministry of Shipping.
  • It will have an air component of 30 aircraft, comprising MiG-29K fighter jets, Kamov-31 airborne early warning helicopters and the soon-to-be-inducted MH-60R multi-role helicopter, besides the indigenous Advanced Light Helicopters.
  • It is expected to have a top speed of 30 knots (approximately 55 kmph) and is propelled by four gas turbines.

Add ons:

  • It makes India only the fifth country after the US, Russia, Britain and France to have such capabilities of developing indigenous aircraft carriers.
  • An aircraft carrier is one of the most potent marine assets for a nation, which enhances a Navy’s capability to travel far from its home shores to carry out air domination operations.
  • While the United States Navy has 11 aircraft carriers, China too is moving ahead aggressively with its aircraft carrier programme. It has two carriers now, a third is in the making, and another two are likely to be commissioned within a decade.
  • At present, India has only one aircraft carrier, the Russian-origin INS Vikramaditya.

PRELIMS QUESTION

Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding INS Vikrant (IAC-1)?

1. It is India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier.

2. It is designed and developed by DRDO

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer