India Plastic Pact


Preliminary   > Environment and Ecology   >   Pollution   >   Plastic pollution

Why in news?

  • World-Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF India) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have joined hands to develop a platform to promote a circular system for plastics. The new platform called, the ‘India Plastic Pact,’ was launched by British High Commissioner to India.

India Plastic Pact:

  • The India Plastics Pact is an ambitious, collaborative initiative that aims to bring together businesses, governments and NGOs to reduce, reuse, and recycle plastics in their value chain.
  • It is a collaboration between WWF India and CII.
  • The Pact focuses on addressing the barriers to circularity in the plastic packaging sector
  • The Pact aims to transform the current linear plastics system into a circular plastics economy that will:
    • Reduce the use of problematic plastics in India
    • Retain valuable materials in the economy for use in other products
    • Generate jobs, investment and opportunities in the plastics system in India
  • The India Plastics Pact aims to promote public-private collaborations that enable solutions to eliminate the plastic waste problem in India and bring innovation to the way plastic is designed, used and reused.

Need for Plastic Pacts:

  • India generates 9.46 million tonnes of plastic waste annually, of which 40 per cent is not collected.
  • About half of all plastics produced in the country are used in packaging; most of it is single use in nature.
  • Commitments made under the pact aim to keep plastic packaging in the economy and out of the natural environment.


Consider the following statements regarding ‘India Plastics Pact’:

1. The Pact creates a unified national framework for a circular economy for plastics

2. It is a collaboration between World-Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF India) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2