Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
International Relations > Strategic Groupings > International groupings
Why in news?
- India is looking forward to joining the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), overcoming the political impediments that are against global interest, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar said recently.
About Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG):
- Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment, and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
- It was formed with the objective of averting the proliferation of nuclear weapons and preventing acts of nuclear terrorism.
- NSG consists of 48 members which include the five nuclear weapon states US, UK, France, China, and Russia.
- It is not a formal organization, and its guidelines are not binding. Decisions, including on membership, are made by consensus
India and NSG:
- India is not a member of NSG
- NPT (Nonproliferation Treaty), an international treaty, came into force in 1970. It’s main objective was to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology.
- Apart from India, Pakistan and Israel have also not signed NPT.
- India refused to sign NPT because:
- The NPT defines “nuclear weapons states” as those that tested devices before 1967, which means India cannot ever be one.
- No fixed timelines have been mentioned for disarmament.
- NPT is unfair treaty as nuclear weapon states have no obligation to give them up while non-nuclear states are not allowed to have them.
- India conducted its first Nuclear test -Pokhran-I (Smiling Buddha), in 1974.
- The nuclear powers were convinced that the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) alone would not halt the spread of nuclear weapons. Consequently, NSG was formed in 1974.
- The current guidelines of NSG state that a non-NPT state cannot become a member of NSG which keeps India out of the group.
Why India need NSG membership?
- Membership to the NSG will essentially increase India’s access to state-of-the-art technology from the other members of the Group.
- Access to technology and being allowed to produce nuclear equipment will give a boost to the Make in India program
Consider the following statements regarding ‘Nuclear Suppliers Group’:
1. It is signed under the aegis of United Nations
2. India is not a member of the Group
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2