Odesa added to World Heritage in Danger List


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Why in news?

  • The Ukrainian city of Odesa/Odessa has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List and inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The list has 55 such sites.

About ODESA of Ukraine:

  • The site is located near the Black sea and is 500 km from the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv.
  • Empress Catherine founded Odesa after taking away the region from the Ottoman Empire in 1794.The name Odesa is Greek.
  • Catherine gave religious freedom to the people in Odesa and also offered them lands. She also gave Porto Franco, meaning a free port. No taxes were imposed on the port. This expanded the trade in Odesa attracting several foreign merchants.

About World Heritage in Danger list:

  • To protect the sites from catastrophic damages, UNESCO designates them as World Heritage in Danger sites.
  • World Heritage Sites face several problems such as development in tourism, war, natural disasters, poaching, urbanization, and pollution.
  • Russian forces are conducting frequent air strikes in Ukraine. For this reason, the world heritage site Odesa is in danger.
  • Now that UNESCO has made it a World Heritage Site in Danger, United Nations will now allocate funds to protect the site


City of Odesa, recently inscribed on the UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger, is located in:

(a) Syria

(b) Afghanistan

(c) Ukraine

(d) Russia