Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

JUN 17

Preliminary   > Economic Development   >   Miscellaneous   >   Employment

Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for 2020-21.

More about the news:

  • It is prepared by National Statistical Office (NSO)

Key findings of the survey:

  • Unemployment Rate:
    • The unemployment rate saw a decrease of 0.6% and fell to 4.2% in 2020-21 compared with 4.8% in 2019-20.
    • This means that only 4.2% of adults who looked for jobs could not get any work in rural and urban areas of the country in 2020-21.
    • Rural areas recorded an unemployment rate of 3.3% and urban areas recorded an unemployment rate of 6.7%.
  • Labour Force Participation Rate(LFPR):
    • It is defined as the section of the working population in the age group of 16-64 in the economy currently employed or seeking employment.
    • It was 41.6% during 2020-21 compared to 40.1% in the previous year.
  • Worker-Population Ratio(WPR):
    • It is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population. It was 39.8% in 2020-21, an increase from 38.2% of the previous year.
  • Migrants:
    • Migrants are defined in the survey as a household members whose last usual place of residence, at any time in the past, was different from the present place of enumeration.
    • According to the survey, the migration rate is 28.9%.
    • The migration rate among women was 48% and 47.8% in rural and urban areas respectively.
    • PLFS says that only 4.4% of migration happened due to employment which is a drastic reduction from the 10% in 2011. Hence, this report justifies the theory of large-scale reverse migration and job losses during the pandemic.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) is conducted by

(a) Central Statistics Office

(b) NITI Aayog

(c) National Sample Survey Organisation

(d) National Statistical Office

Answer

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