Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Philosophies   >   Eminent personalities

Why in news?

  • Prime Minister inaugurated the ‘Statue of Equality’ in Hyderabad to honour the 11th-century Hindu saint Sri Ramanujacharya.

Ab0ut Ramunajacharya:

  • Born in 1017 CE in Tamil Nadu.
  • He is the most respected Acharya in the philosophy of Sri Vaishnavism.
  • He was also referred to as Ilaya Perumal which means the radiant one.
  • His philosophical foundations for devotionalism were influential to the Bhakti movement.
  • He is famous as the chief proponent of ‘Vishishtadvaita’ subschool of Ved?nta.
  • He wrote influential texts, such as bh?sya on the Brahma Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita, all in Sanskrit.

What is Vishishtadvaita?

  • It is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy. It is non-dualism of the qualified whole, in which Brahman alone exists, but is characterized by multiplicity.
  • It can be described as qualified monism or qualified non-dualism or attributive monism.
  • It is a school of Vedanta philosophy which believes in all diversity subsuming to an underlying unity.


‘Vishishtadvaita’ subschool of Vedanta was propounded by:

(a) Vallabhacharya

(b) Nimbarka

(c) Ramunajacharya

(d) Madhvacharya