Art and Culture > Miscellaneous > Eminent personalities
Why in news?
- On February 27, 2022, Assam government decided to set up ‘Naamghars’ (Vaishnavite Monasteries) across the places where 15th-century saint and social reformer Srimanta Sankardeva spent at least one night during his journey from Batradava (Assam) to Cooch Behar (West Bengal).
About Srimanta Sankardeva (1449-1596):
- He was a Vaishnavite, social and religious reformer during 15th-16th century
- He inspired Bhakti Movement in Assam
- His ideas was based on Bhagavata Purana
- Sankaradev is widely credited for developing new forms of:
- Music – Borgeet
- Theatrical performances - Ankia Naat and Bhaona
- Dance form – Sattriya
- Literary language - Brajavali.
- His teachings are credited to have integrated different castes and groups of people in Assam into one cultural unit.
- Sankardeva propagated a form of Bhakti called eka-sharana-naam-dhrama, and espoused a society based on equality and fraternity, free from caste differences, orthodox Brahmanical rituals and sacrifices.
- His teaching focused on prayer and chanting (naam) instead of idol worship.
- His dharma was based on the four components of deva (god), naam (prayers), bhakats (devotees), and guru (teacher).
- Sattras are monastic institutions created as part of the 16th century Neo-Vaishnavite reformist movement started by Vaishnavite saint-reformer Srimanta Sankaradeva.
- These Sattras/Thans were established as centres of religious, social and cultural reforms in the 16th century across Assam.
- Sattras promulgate Sankardeva’s unique “worship through art” approach with music (borgeet), dance (xattriya) and theatre (bhauna).
- Each Sattra has a naamghar (worship hall) as its nucleus and is headed by an influential “Sattradhikar”.
- Monks, known as bhakats, are inducted into Sattras at a young age. They may or may not be celibate, depending on the kind of Sattra they are inducted into.
Consider the following statements regarding ‘Srimanta Sankardeva’:
1. Sattriya dance form was developed by Sankardeva
2. His teaching focused on prayer and chanting (naam) instead of idol worship
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2