State of World’s Birds report

MAY 9

Preliminary   > Environment and Ecology   >   Biodiversity   >   Reports and indices

Why in news?

  • The State of the World’s Birds, an annual review of environmental resources published on May 5, 2022.
  • The report says 13.5% of 10,994 recognised extant species are currently threatened with extinction.

State of World’s Birds report:

  • It is BirdLife International’s flagship science publication, using birds to assess the condition of our ecosystems as a whole.
  • It is a peer-reviewed journal.

About BirdLife International:

  • BirdLife International is a global partnership of non-governmental organizations that strives to conserve birds and their habitats.
  • Headquarters: United Kingdom.

Highlights of the 2022 report:

  • Around 48% of bird species worldwide are known or suspected to be undergoing population declines.
  • In India, nearly 80% species are declining in numbers, and almost 50% plummeting strongly.
  • The study found that bird species and abundance data from the tropics is scarce but in many countries such as India, citizen science driven data was available.

Reasons behind this decline:

  • The report has attributed the threat to almost half of the 10,994 recognised extant species of birds to the expanding human footprint on the natural world and climate change.
  • The degradation and loss of natural habitats as well as direct overexploitation of many species are the key threats to avian biodiversity.

PRACTICE QUESTION

‘State of World’s Birds report’, is published by:

(a) BirdLife International

(b) IUCN

(c) UNEP

(d) World Wildlife Fund

Answer