The Henley Passport Index 2021

JAN 13

Preliminary   > Economic Development   >   Miscellaneous   >   Reports and indices

Why in news?

  • India’s passport power has improved to 83rd position in the Henley Passport Index, climbing seven places from 90th rank last year.

About Henley Passport Index:

  • The Henley Passport Index is the original, authoritative ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa.
  • The index is based on exclusive data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  • Japan (192) and Singapore (192) top the index followed by Germany(190) and South Korea(190).
  • In the bottom: Pakistan(31), Syria (29),Iraq(28) and Afghanistan(26)

How is the Index estimated?

  • The index compare visa-free access of 199 different passports to 227 travels destinations.
  • If no visa is required, then a score with value = 1 is created for that passport. The same applies if you can obtain a visa on arrival, a visitor’s permit, or an electronic travel authority (ETA) when entering the destination.
  • The total score for each passport is equal to the number of destinations for which no visa is required.

Add ons:

  • India now has visa-free access to 60 destinations worldwide with Oman and Armenia being the latest additions. India has added 35 more destinations since 2006.


Consider the following statements regarding ‘The Henley Passport Index’:

1. It ranks passports according to how many destinations can be reached using a particular country's ordinary passport without requiring a visa

2. It is annually published by World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2