Related Topics

2024 MAY   25
Human Rights in India
2024 MAY   19
India's Arctic Policy
2024 APR   23
Competition laws in India
2024 APR   19

Assamese Gamosa

2023 APR 4

Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Miscellaneous   >   Miscellaneous

Why in news?

  • A newly formed Bangla Sahitya Sabha Assam (BSSA) used a hybrid creation — an Assamese Gamosa and a Bengali Gamcha, each cut in half and sewn together — to felicitate guests at a function.
  • Due to this, protests broke out in different parts of the state, particularly by Assam nationalist organizations and student groups, claiming that this creation was an insult to the Assamese Gamosa.

About Assamese Gamosa:

  • Assamese Gamosa/Gamusa or Gamucha is one of the most recognisable cultural symbols of Assam.
  • It is a white rectangular piece of cloth with embroidered red borders.
  • The red border is called the “anchu” and is believed to be a sign of Ahom strength. “Anchu” was derived from a certain red flower which was also known as “anchu”.
  • While most Gamosas are made of cotton, few utilized in special occasions are made from Silk too.
  • It is mostly used as an article presented to guests, elders, family or friends on special occasions as a sign of respect.
  • It also has a special relationship with the Vaishnavite culture in Assam. The axon, the main place of worship, is considered incomplete without one.
  • Assamese Gamosa received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2022.

Bengali Gamcha:

  • Bengali Gamcha traditional handwoven cotton towel, which is commonly found in West Bengal and Bangladesh.
  • It is a rectangular piece of cloth which comes in a red-and-white chequered pattern.
  • Gamchas are lightweight, absorbent, and quick-drying, making them a popular choice for everyday use.


Gamosa, a white rectangular piece of cloth with embroidered red borders, is associated with:

(a) Assam

(b) Himachal Pradesh

(c) Uttarakhand

(d) Sikkim