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Little Ice Age

2023 OCT 20

Preliminary   > Geography   >   Climatology   >   Climatology

Why in news?

  • Study was conducted in Western Ghats to understand the variations of rainfall patterns during the Little Ice Age.

About Little Ice Age

  • The Little Ice Age was a period of cooler climate conditions that lasted from roughly the late Middle Ages to the mid-19th century. Here are some key points about the Little Ice Age:
  • While there’s no specific start or end date for the Little Ice Age, it’s generally associated with the period from the 14th centuryto the mid-19th century. It saw intervals of particularly cold weather.
  • The term “Little Ice Age” doesn’t mean there was a constant, uniform drop in temperatures. Instead, it refers to a series of colder periods interspersed with milder intervals.
  • The Little Ice Age was characterized by a series of colder winters and cooler summers, which led to shorter growing seasons. These climate shifts had various consequences, including crop failures, food shortages, and famines.
  • During this period, glaciers in Europe and North America advanced, covering areas that are now ice-free. This is one of the pieces of evidence that confirm the colder climate.
  • The exact causes of the Little Ice Age are still debated, but some factors that might have contributed include changes in solar activityvolcanic eruptions that injected aerosols into the atmosphere, and natural climate variability.
  • The Little Ice Age had a significant impact on human societies. It’s associated with events like the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816, which was caused by the eruption of Mount Tambora and led to crop failures and food shortages.
  • Little Ice Age was a regional and temporal climate phenomenon, meaning it affected different parts of the world to varying degrees and at different times. While it brought colder conditions overall, it wasn’t an “ice age” in the sense of the last major glacial period.



Consider the following statements regarding Little Ice Age:

  1. Little Ice Age was characterized by a series of colder winters and cooler summers.
  2. This period saw Shrinking of glaciers in Europe and North America

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2