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Mission Vatsalya Scheme

2023 JUL 18

Preliminary   > Social Justice   >   Welfare Schemes   >   Women and Child issues

Why in news?

  • Mission Vatsalya, launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, ensures children's safety and security in India.
  • Child Welfare and Protection Committee (CW&PC) at village level will identify the children who are eligible for support likely to be in difficult circumstances, orphans, street children etc. These children will be facilitated under the sponsorship component of Mission Vatsalya Scheme.
  • Sponsorship facilities will be provided based on the recommendation of the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) and approval from the Sponsorship and Foster Care Approval Committee (SFCAC).

About Mission Vatsalya Scheme:

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development implemented three schemes:
    • 1. Juvenile justice program for children in need of care and protection and children in conflict with the law.
    • 2. Integrated program for street children.
    • 3. Scheme for assistance to children's homes.
  • In 2010 these schemes merged into the Integrated Child Protection Scheme. Later renamed as the Child Protection Services Scheme in 2017. During 2021-22 It is reintroduced as Mission Vatsalya.
  • Mission Vatsalya is an umbrella scheme for child protection services in India.
  • Mission aims to secure a healthy and happy childhood for every child in the country.

Components of Mission Vatsalya include:

  • Improving the functioning of statutory bodies.
  • Strengthening service delivery structure.
  • Upscaling institutional care and services.
  • Encouraging non-institutional community-based care.
  • Providing emergency outreach services.
  • Training and capacity building.

Objectives:

  • Ensure opportunities for children to reach their full potential and flourish in all aspects.
  • Foster a sensitive, supportive, and synchronized ecosystem for child development.
  • Assist states and union territories in implementing the Juvenile Justice Act, of 2015.
  • Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Modes of Non-Institutional Care for Children:

  • Sponsorship:
    • Government Aided Sponsorship: Financial assistance provided through government funds.
    • Private Aided Sponsorship: Financial assistance provided through private sources or individuals.
  • Foster Care:
    • The responsibility of caring and rehabilitating the child is undertaken by an unrelated family.
    • Financial support is provided to the foster parents for nurturing the child.
  • Adoption:
    • Finding suitable families for children who are legally free for adoption.
    • The Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) facilitates the adoption process.
  • Aftercare:
    • Financial support is provided to children leaving a Child Care Institution upon turning 18 years old.
    • This support helps them reintegrate into society and become self-dependent.
    • Assistance may be extended from the age of 18 years up to 21 years, with the possibility of extension up to 23 years.
  • Every district will have a SFCAC to implement and monitor the Sponsorship and Foster Care programme as provided under the Mission.

About Child Welfare Committees:

  • Child Welfare Committees (CWCs) are constituted by state governments for each district or group of districts to protect and care for children in need.
  • Composition:
    • Each CWC consists of a chairperson and four members, including at least one woman and one expert on matters concerning children.
  • Term of members of the Committee:
    • The term of the members of the committee is for a period of three years from the date of appointment.
    • They are eligible for maximum of two terms which cannot be continuous.
  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, mandates the establishment of at least one CWC in every district.
  • CWCs perform functions and roles as defined in the Juvenile Justice Act/Rules, subject to amendments.
  • CWC functions as a Bench of Magistrates and has the authority to dispose of case related to the care, protection, treatment, development, and rehabilitation of children.
  • Mission Vatsalya provides infrastructure and financial support to states/UTs for setting up and ensuring the effective functioning of CWCs.

PRACTICE QUESTION

Consider the following statements:

1. At least one member of Child Welfare Committee must be woman

2. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, mandates the establishment of at least one Child Welfare Committee in every district

3. The term of the members of the Child Welfare Committee is for a period of three years from the date of appointment

How many of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

Answer