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Preliminary   > Miscellaneous   >   Events and functions   >   Diseases

Context: Monkey pox virus is evolving due to human transmission.


Viral zoonotic disease with symptoms similar to small pox.

  • The first case in humans was reported in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • While the natural host is unknown,  the disease has been reported in squirrels, Gambian poached rats, dormice, and some species of monkeys in the African continent.
  • Primary infection is through the direct contact with the blood or other body fluids.
  • WHO declared it as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in 2022.

No specific vaccine available but small pox vaccine works with 85% effectiveness