Governance > Miscellaneous > Governance
Why in news?
- Over 7.9 million children aged up to five were enrolled under the Unique Identification Authority’s Baal Aadhaar initiative from April to July.
What is Baal Aadhar?
- Baal Aadhaar is a blue-coloured variant of the Aadhaar Card.
- It is issued for children below the age of 5 years.
How is Baal Aadhaar different from Aadhar Card?
- Biometrics to establish uniqueness for the Baal Aadhar is not collected unlike in the case of Aadhaar. A facial image of a child is instead taken for enrolment.
- Moreover, biometric authentication of the parent/guardian and a proof of relationship document, preferably a birth certificate, are collected at the time of enrolment.
What happens to the Baal Aadhaar after the children turn five?
- On attaining the age of five, the child is required to furnish his or her biometrics at an Aadhaar Seva Kendra to complete a process called mandatory biometric update (MBU).
- The MBU process goes through a de-duplication process. After completion of this process, the child is issued a normal Aadhaar without any change in the Aadhaar number.
Consider the following statements regarding ‘Bal Aadhar ’:
1. It is issued for children below the age of 18 years.
2. Biometric details including IRIS and Fingerprints are collected for enrolment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2