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Chabahar Port

JUL 14

Preliminary   > Geography   >   Places in news   >   Places in news

IN NEWS:

  • Iran has decided to exclude India from the deal for construction of a rail line from Chabahar port to Zahedan, along the border with Afghanistan

ABOUT CHABAHAR PORT:

  • The port is located in southeastern Iran, on the Gulf of Oman and at the mouth of Strait of Hormuz.
  • It is the only Iranian port with direct access to the Indian Ocean.
  • Being close to Afghanistan and the Central Asian countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan etc., it has been termed the "Golden Gate" to these land-locked countries.

WHY CHABAHAR PORT IS IMPORTANT TO INDIA?

  • In 2016, India signed a deal with Iran entailing $8 billion investment in Chabahar port and industries in Chabahar Special Economic Zone.
  • Chabahar port will boost India's access to Iran, the key gateway to the International North-South Transport Corridor that has sea, rail and road routes between India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia.
  • Chabahar port will be beneficial to India in countering Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea which China is trying to ensure by helping Pakistan develop the Gwadar port.
  • India can bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan.

PRELIMS QUESTION”

Q. Which of the following are advantages of Chabahar port to India:

  1. It can help bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan.
  2. It will boost India's access to Iran and Central Asia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer to Prelims question


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