Environment and Ecology > Biodiversity > Species in news
Why in news?
- A team of scientists has spotted Eurasian otters in the Neeru stream of the Chenab catchment.
- Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.
- The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic, or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates. Eurasian Otter is one among them.
About Eurasian Otter:
- It is an elusive, solitary otter that has one of the widest distributions.
- Its range covers parts of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa
- In India, it is present in northern, northeast and southern India.
- In the Indian subcontinent, Eurasian otters occur in cold hills and mountain streams.
- During summer (April – June) in the Himalayas, they may ascend up to 3,660 m.
- Conservation Status:
- IUCN Red List: Near Threatened
- CITES: Appendix I
- Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule II
About Neeru river:
- Neeru is a tributary of the Chenab river.
- It is a 30km perennial stream that originates in the Kailash Lake and drains into the Chenab.
- Eurasian otters are regarded as a flagship species and indicator of high-quality aquatic habitats. Its presence is encouraging for the health of the Neeru stream.
Consider the following statements regarding ‘Eurasian Otter’
1. It is a solitary mammal
2. It is herbivorous in nature
3. They are extinct in India
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1 and 3 only