Global Nutrition Report 2021
Social Justice > Health > Reports and indices
Why in news?
- India has made no progress on anaemia and childhood wasting according to the 2021 Global Nutrition Report (GNR, 2021) released Nov 23, 2021.
About the report:
- The Global Nutrition Report was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
- The report is the world’s leading independent assessment of the state of global nutrition. It provides a concise data-focused update on the state of diets and nutrition in the world.
Released by: ??
- It is a multi-stakeholder initiative, consisting of a Stakeholder Group, Independent Expert Group and Report Secretariat.
Key findings with respect to India:
- ??Over half of Indian women in the age group 15-49 years are anaemic.
- There has also been a rise in anaemic Indian women since 2016.
- In 2016, 52.6% of Indian women were anaemic. But in 2020, 53% were found to be anaemic.
- Childhood Wasting:
- India has made no progress or is worsening on reducing ‘childhood wasting’. Over 17% of Indian children under 5 years of age are affected by wasting. This figure is much higher than the average for Asia, where close to 9% of children are affected. Wasting refers to children whose weight is low-for-their height.
- India is ‘on course’ to meet the target for stunting.
- But over 34% of children under 5 years of age are still affected.
- This figure is higher than average for Asia, where close to 22% are affected by stunting. Stunting is when a child has a low height for their age.
- Global Nutrition Targets:
- India is ‘off-course’ in meeting 7 of the 13 global nutrition targets. These include sodium intake, raised blood pressure (both men and women), obesity (both men and women) and diabetes (both men and women).
- Some 6.2% of adult (aged 18 years and over) women and 3.5% of adult men are living with obesity in the country. In fact, no country in the world was ‘on course’ to achieve the target for obesity.
- India is ‘on course’ to meet the target for ‘exclusive breastfeeding’. Some 58% of infants in the age group 0-5 months are exclusively breastfed in India.
With reference to ‘Global Nutrition Report’, consider the following statements:
1. It was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
2. It is published by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2