Global Peace Index (GPI)

2023 JUL 10

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Why in news?

  • The 2023 Global Peace Index (GPI) has been released.

About Global Peace Index (GPI):

  • Global Peace Index(GPI) is released by Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP)
  • It aims to present the most comprehensive data-driven analysis to date on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.
  • The index covers 163 countries comprising 99.7 percent of the world’s population.


  • It measures the state of peace across three domains:
    • 1) Societal safety and security
    • 2) Ongoing domestic and international conflict
    • 3) Militarisation.

Key findings of Global Peace Index (GPI) 2023:

  • Globally:
    • The average level of global peacefulness has deteriorated by 0.42%.
      • Iceland is the most peaceful country in the world – a title it has held since 2008.
      • Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world for the eighth consecutive year.
  • India:
    • India has occupied the 126th spot in the rankings, two higher than its previous position.
    • India has experienced an improvement of 3.5 per cent in overall peacefulness over the past year, owing to improvements in violent crime, neighboring countries’ relations and political instability.
    • Further, the reduction in geopolitical tensions with China owing to the decrease in border incidents as well as less social unrest has led to an improvement in the political instability in India.


Global Peace Index (GPI) is published by:

(a) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

(b) International Peace Institute

(c) Institute for Economics and Peace

(d) International Dialogue on Peace-building and State-building