International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
International Relations > International Institutions > Other Institutions
Why in news?
- International Atomic Energy Agency will hold an emergency meeting on 2nd march 2022, about Ukraine, where war is raging in a country with four operational nuclear power plants and various waste facilities including Chernobyl.
- It is a UN agency, which serves as the international centre for cooperation in the nuclear/atomic field.
- The primary mandate of the organisation is to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies.
- It was created in 1957 in response to the deep fears and expectations generated by the discoveries and diverse uses of nuclear technology.
- Although the IAEA is an independent international organisation, it reports annually to the UNGA.
- Headquarter: Vienna, Austria.
- Currently, it has 171 members.
- India became a member in 1957 itself.
- Promoting and assisting the research, development and practical applications of peaceful uses of nuclear technologies.
- Establishing and administering safety guards to ensure that such research/development, etc., by the IAEA is not used for military purposes.
- Applying, under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and other international treaties, mandatory comprehensive safeguards in non-nuclear-weapon states (NNWS) parties to such treaties.
- The IAEA, along with its former Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.
With reference to ‘International Atomic Energy Agency’, consider the following statements:
1. It reports annually to the UN General Assembly
2. India is a founding member of IAEA
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2