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Mithun bovine species

2022 JUN 23

Preliminary   > Environment and Ecology   >   Species extinction & protection   >   Species in news

About Mithun:

  • Mithun or Bos frontalis is a semi-domesticated bovine species known to have originated 8000 years ago.
  • Mithun bovine species is found in the northeastern regions of India and is known to live at an altitude of 300 to 3000m above mean sea level.
  • They enjoy cool climates and avoid direct bright sunlight.
  • The Mithun population is highest in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • IUCN status – Vulnerable.
  • State animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland


  • Forested hills and nearby grassy clearings at elevations of up to 5,900 feet.
  • Distributed in north-eastern hill region of India and also of China, Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh
  • It is a social animal, found in small groups and usually contain one adult male and several females and juveniles


Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding ‘Mithun bovine species’?

1. They are endemic to Western Ghats

2. They prefer to live at an altitude

3. They are listed as ‘vulnerable’ under IUCN Red List

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2