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Nilgiri Tahr

DEC 30

Preliminary   > Environment and Ecology   >   Species extinction & protection   >   Species in news

Why in news?

  • Tamil Nadu undertakes project to conserve Nilgiri tahr
  • The project would be implemented during a 5-year period from 2022-2027
  • It follow a strategy including synchronised surveys to estimate numbers of the tahrs through radio telemetry and radio-collaring, among others.

About Nilgiri Tahr:

  • Nilgiri Tahr also known as Varaiaadu has been listed as an endangered species and is protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972.
  • The animal inhabits meadows with steep cliffs at elevations between 300 metres and 2,600 metres above sea level.
  • Currently there are only 3,122 Tahrs in the wild.
  • It has become locally extinct in around 14% of its traditional shola forest-grassland habitat.
  • The species once inhabited a large portion of Western Ghats, but it now restricted to a few pockets in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
    • Habitat loss, biotic pressure, invasive and exotic species and adverse impact of climate change.
  • There are several references to the Nilgiri tahr in the 2,000-year-old Tamil Sangam literature.
    • Two of the five great epics of the Sangam period, Silappathikaram and Sivaka Cintamai include descriptions of the tahr and its habitat.

Add ons:

  • The project – the Nilgiri tahr – aims to restore its original habitat and try to re-introduce the species in areas where they originally lived
  • Restoration of shola grasslands which is the major habitat for the Nilgiri Tahr would be taken up as a priority under the project1111.


Consider the following statements regarding ‘Nilgiri Tahr’:

1. It is an omnivorous species

2. It is protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India

3. Currently, its population is largely restricted to Karnataka

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only


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