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Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Miscellaneous   >   Tribal affairs

Why in news?

  • A dictionary titled “Toto Shabda Sangraha” is set to be released with the aim of preserving the Toto language.

About Toto Shabda Sangraha

  • The trilingual dictionary will translate Toto words into Bengali and English, making it accessible to a wider audience, as the Toto script is still in its early stages of development, and the tribe is more familiar with the Bengali script.

About Toto language

  • Toto is a Sino-Tibetan language. It is primarily spoken orally and is currently written in the Bengali script.
  • It is spoken by barely 1,600 people living in parts of West Bengal bordering Bhutan.
  • It is listed as a critically endangered language by UNESCO.

About Toto people

  • The Toto is a primitive and isolated tribal group residing only in a small enclave called Totopara in the Jalpaiguri of West Bengal, India.
  • The total population of Totos is less than 2000 according to the 2001 census, all living in Totopara.
  • The Totos are considered Mongoloid people.



With reference to India, the terms ‘Toto, Kui and Santali’ pertain to?

(a) Tribal languages

(b) Musical instruments

(c) Pre-historic cave paintings

(d) Dance forms of Northwest India