Electoral Bonds

2023 JUL 15

Preliminary   > Polity   >   Election   >   Government Schemes

Why in news?

  • Electoral Bonds were the chief source of donations for political parties, with the BJP garnering the lion’s share.
  • Between 2016-17 and 2021-22, the seven national and 24 regional parties received a total donation of Rs.9,188.35 crore from Electoral Bonds out of which the BJP’s share was Rs.5,271.9751 crore, while all other national parties together amassed Rs.1,783.9331 crore, according to the report by the Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR).

About Electoral Bond Scheme:

  • Electoral Bonds are issued by State Bank of India.
  • SBI has been authorized to issue and encash Electoral Bonds through its Authorised Branches.
  • The bonds will be issued in multiples of Rs 1,000, Rs 10,000, Rs 1 lakh, Rs 10 lakh and Rs 1 crore.

Who can purchase it?

  • Electoral Bonds may be purchased by a person, who is a citizen of India or body incorporated or established in India.
  • These bonds are bearer instrument in nature of promissory note and interest-free banking instrument.
  • The purchaser is allowed to buy electoral bonds only on due fulfilment of KYC norms.
  • Donors can donate the bonds to their party of choice which can then be cashed in via the party's verified account within 15 days.


  • The bonds will be available for purchase for a period of 10 days each in the beginning of every quarter, i.e. in January, April, July and October as specified by the Central Government.
  • An additional period of 30 days shall be specified by the Central Government in the year of Lok Sabha elections.

Who are eligible to receive?

  • Those political parties which are:
    • Registered under Section 29Aof the Representation of the People Act, 1951
    • Secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last General Election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly
    • The Electoral Bonds shall be encashed by a Political Party only through a Bank account with the Authorized Bank.

Add on:

  • Union government has exempted political parties from disclosing donations received through electoral bonds.


Consider the following statements regarding Electoral bonds:

1. They are refundable if the buyer wishes to return them to issuing bank.

2. Bond holders can obtain loans on the guarantee of these bonds.

3. They can be purchased based on any value from Rs.10 to Rs.1,00,000

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3