Scheme for Economic Empowerment of DNTs (SEED)

AUG 31

Preliminary   > Social Justice   >   Welfare Schemes   >   Tribal affairs

Why in news?

  • The scheme for Economic Empowerment of DNTs (SEED) for the welfare of De-notified, Nomadic and Semi Nomadic Communities,  has been delayed due to tribe categorization work

Who are de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes?

  • They are communities that were ‘notified’ as being ‘born criminals’ during the British regime under a series of laws starting with the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871.
  • This law was repealed and these communities became ‘De-Notified’.
  • The Renke commission (2006) estimated their population at around 10.74 crores ( remember as nearly 11 Cr) based on Census 2001.
  • 1262 communities have been identified as de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic.

About SEED

  • It is being implemented through an online portal (from 2021 to 2026) and would issue a unique ID to each applicant. But delay in the categorization of 1262 tribes is delaying the implementation of the scheme.
  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is implementing this umbrella scheme for empowerment


Scheme for Economic Empowerment of De-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes (SEED) is an umbrella scheme implemented by:

(a) Ministry of Tribal Affairs

(b) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

(c) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

(d) Ministry of Rural Development