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Global Biofuel Alliance

2023 SEP 11

Preliminary   > International Relations   >   International Institutions   >   International groupings

Why in news?

  • The Indian Prime Minister has launched the Global Biofuel Alliance during the G20 Summit in New Delhi.

About Global Biofuel Alliance:

  • Global Biofuel Alliance is an India-led initiative to develop an alliance of Governments, International organizations and Industry to facilitate adoption of biofuels.
  • It aims to position biofuels as a key to energy transition and contribute to jobs and economic growth.


  • The alliance will support worldwide development and deployment of sustainable biofuels by offering capacity-building exercises across the value chain, technical support for national programs and promoting policy lessons-sharing. 
  • It will also facilitate mobilizing a virtual marketplace to assist industries, countries, ecosystem players and key stakeholders in mapping demand and supply, as well as connecting technology providers to end users.
  • 19 countries and 12 international organizations have already agreed to join GBA

Significance of the alliance for India: 

  • For India, which is the world’s third-largest consumer of crude oil and depends on imports to meet over 85 percent of its requirement of the commodity, increasing the use of biofuels is a key tool towards two ends: 
    • Reducing dependency on energy imports
    • Limiting the carbon footprint of the country’s rapidly growing energy use.
  • The alliance will help accelerate India’s existing biofuels programs such as PM-JIVAN Yojna, SATAT and GOBARdhan scheme thereby contributing to increased farmers’ income, creating jobs and overall development of the Indian ecosystem.


With reference to ‘Global Biofuel Alliance’, consider the following statements:

1. It was launched during the G20 Summit of 2023 at New Delhi.

2. It works under the aegis of UNFCCC

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2