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Jamdani weaving

2022 JUN 29

Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Miscellaneous   >   handicrafts

About Jamdani weaving:

  • Jamdani is a ‘cotton’ fibre woven delicately into finest muslin (figured with different patterns) produced for centuries in Bangladesh
  • Jamdani weaving is believed to have emerged from the Dhaka muslin industry, with both plain and decorative motifs emerging during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1324–51), with the arrival of Persian craftsmen to India
  • It was patronized by imperial warrants of the Mughal emperors.
  • Under British colonialism, the Bengali jamdani and muslin industries rapidly declined due to colonial import policies favoring industrially manufactured textiles.
  • In more recent years, the production of jamdani has witnessed a revival in Bangladesh.
  • Jamdani is typically woven using a mixture of cotton and gold thread.
  • Lucknow in the United Provinces was also the most important centres for weaving Jamdani.
  • In 2013, UNESCO added jamdani weaving to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Add ons:

  • India has registered for the geographical indication (GI) for ‘Uppada Jamdani Saree, which belongs to Andhra Pradesh


Consider the following statements regarding Jamdani weaving:

1. Jamdani is essentially a silk fibre woven delicately into finest muslin

2. One of the famous styles of GI protected Jamdani Sarees in India belong to West Bengal

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2