2022 NOV 18
Art and Culture > Miscellaneous > handicrafts
Why in news?
- The Prime Minister of India gifted a ‘Patan Patola’ scarf to the Prime Minister of Italy at the G20 summit.
About Patan Patola:
- Patola is a double ikat woven fabric, usually made from silk in Patan (North Gujarat).
Ikat, or ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employ resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.
- The ancient art of Patola dates back to the 11th century.
- It has its origins in an intricate and difficult technique of dyeing or knot dyeing, known as ‘bandhani’, on the warp and weft separately before weaving.
- It received a Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2013.
Making of Patola:
- Patola is woven on primitive hand-operated harness looms made out of rosewood and bamboo strips. The loom lies on a slant.
- The process is labour-intensive, time-consuming, and requires a high order of skill and expertise
- Foreign traveller Ibn Batuta carried patolas (in 14th century) as gifts to many kings.
- They were amply used in the 17th and 18th centuries as precious gift items.
‘Patan Patola’, originated in 11th century Gujarat, is associated with:
(a) Paper making
(b) Textile weaving
(c) Pottery design
(d) Water harvesting