Related Topics

Lambani embroidery
2023 JUL   11
Assamese Gamosa
2023 APR   4
Ettikoppaka Toy craft
2023 JAN   28
Channapatna Toys
2023 JAN   25
Jamdani weaving
2022 JUN   29

Patan Patola

2022 NOV 18

Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Miscellaneous   >   handicrafts

Why in news?

  • The Prime Minister of India gifted a ‘Patan Patola’ scarf to the Prime Minister of Italy at the G20 summit.

About Patan Patola:

  • Patola is a double ikat woven fabric, usually made from silk in Patan (North Gujarat).

Ikat, or ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employ resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.

  • The ancient art of Patola dates back to the 11th century.
  • It has its origins in an intricate and difficult technique of dyeing or knot dyeing, known as ‘bandhani’, on the warp and weft separately before weaving.
  • It received a Geographical Indication (GI)  tag in 2013.

Making of Patola:

  • Patola is woven on primitive hand-operated harness looms made out of rosewood and bamboo strips. The loom lies on a slant.
  • The process is labour-intensive, time-consuming, and requires a high order of skill and expertise

Add ons:

  • Foreign traveller Ibn Batuta carried patolas (in 14th century) as gifts to many kings.
  • They were amply used in the 17th and 18th centuries as precious gift items.


‘Patan Patola’, originated in 11th century Gujarat, is associated with:

(a) Paper making

(b) Textile weaving

(c) Pottery design

(d) Water harvesting