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Washington Declaration

2023 MAY 6

Preliminary   > International Relations   >   Agreements   >   Bilateral Agreement

Why in news?

  • The South Korean President arrived in the U.S. to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the U.S.-South Korea bilateral relations. A highlight of the visit was the signing of the “Washington Declaration” as a nuclear deterrence strategy.

About Washington Declaration:

  • The Washington Declaration is signed between US and South Korea
  • It outlines cooperation towards nuclear deterrence strategy.

Key Features:

  • According to the declaration:
    • US nuclear ballistic submarine would be deployed in the Korean peninsula;
    • Nuclear consultative group would be formed to formulate principles of joint response tactics;
    • South Korea would receive Intel from the U.S. regarding nuclear advancements, and the U.S. will strengthen South Korea’s nuclear deterrence capabilities through joint military training programs and an annual intergovernmental simulation.
    • Reaffirmed the non-proliferation Treaty implying that South Korea would not venture into the creation of its own independent nuclear capabilities and would instead focus on deterrence measures through an alliance-based approach.
    • The U.S. President will be the only ‘sole authority’ to use the nuclear arsenal of the U.S. in the event of a nuclear confrontation.


‘Washington Declaration’, recently seen in news, involves United States and which one of the following countries?


(a) India

(b) South Korea

(c) Ukraine

(d) Israel