2023 MAR 7
Art and Culture > Architecture > Temple architecture
Why in news?
- 13th-century Hindu temple ruins have been recently unearthed in a hillock in the Pushpagiri Kshetram in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh.
- The architectural features of the ruins reveal a style that is contemporary to a temple at Vallur, built by the Kayastha rulers.
About Kayastha rulers:
- The Kayasthas (1239 AD – 1297 AD) were subordinates to the rulers of the Kakatiya dynasty.
- In the history of the Kakatiyas, the Kayastha played a prominent role both as loyal subordinates and traitors.
- They ruled the region with Vallur as the capital.
- Some rulers of this community were – Ganagaya Sahini (1239 – 1258 AD), Jannigadeva (1258 – 1268 AD), and Ambadeva II (1272 – 1294 AD).
- The last ruler was Trupurari II (1294 – 1297 AD).
About Pushpagiri Kshetram:
- Pushpagiri is referred to as Hari-Hara Kshetra, as there are a number of temples dedicated to both Shiva and Vishnu.
- It is located on the banks of the Pennar river.
- Pushpagiri is also called the second Hampi due to its beautiful architecture.
Consider the following pairs:
Famous temples : Location
1. Pushpagiri Kshetram : Karnataka
2. Yaganti : Maharashtra
3. Trimbakeshwar : Tamil Nadu
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) None of the above