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Pushpagiri Kshetram

2023 MAR 7

Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Architecture   >   Temple architecture

Why in news?

  • 13th-century Hindu temple ruins have been recently unearthed in a hillock in the Pushpagiri Kshetram in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The architectural features of the ruins reveal a style that is contemporary to a temple at Vallur, built by the Kayastha rulers.

About Kayastha rulers:

  • The Kayasthas (1239 AD – 1297 AD) were subordinates to the rulers of the Kakatiya dynasty.
  • In the history of the Kakatiyas, the Kayastha played a prominent role both as loyal subordinates and traitors.
  • They ruled the region with Vallur as the capital.
  • Some rulers of this community were – Ganagaya Sahini (1239 – 1258 AD), Jannigadeva (1258 – 1268 AD), and Ambadeva II (1272 – 1294 AD).
  • The last ruler was Trupurari II (1294 – 1297 AD).

About Pushpagiri Kshetram:

  • Pushpagiri is referred to as Hari-Hara Kshetra, as there are a number of temples dedicated to both Shiva and Vishnu.
  • It is located on the banks of the Pennar river.
  • Pushpagiri is also called the second Hampi due to its beautiful architecture.


Consider the following pairs:

Famous temples         : Location

1. Pushpagiri Kshetram    : Karnataka

2. Yaganti                          : Maharashtra

3. Trimbakeshwar            : Tamil Nadu

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) None of the above