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Konark Wheel

2023 SEP 14

Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Architecture   >   Temple architecture

Why in news?

  • A replica of the Konark Wheel from the Konark Sun temple in Odisha served as the backdrop of the Prime Minister’s welcome handshake with G20 leaders as they arrived at Bharat Mandapam.

About Konark Wheel:

  • Konark Wheel was built during the 13th century under the reign of King Narasimhadeva-I of the Ganga dynasty.
  • The wheel with 24 spokes is also adapted into India’s national flag and embodies ancient wisdom, advanced civilization, and architectural excellence. 
  • The rotating motion of the wheel symbolizes time or the Kalachakra as well as progress and continuous change in the universe. 
  • As a symbol of the wheel of democracy, it reflects the resilience of democratic ideals, and commitment to progress in society.
  • Konark Wheel sculpture is featured on the recent Rs 10 currency notes.

About Konark Sun Temple:

  • It was built in the 13th century by King Narasimhadeva I (AD 1238-1264) of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty and is located near Puri, Odisha. The temple is a classic example of the Odisha style of Architecture or Kalinga Architecture.
  • The temple forms part of the golden triangle of Odisha, along with Puri and Bhubaneswar.
  • It was given the status of a World Heritage Site in 1984 by UNESCO.


Consider the following statements:

1. The Konark Sun Temple is built in Kalinga style of Architecture

2. The Konark Wheel of Konark Sun Temple was built during the 13th century under the reign of King Narasimhadeva-I of the Ganga dynasty

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2