Small Modular Reactors (SMRs)
Science and Technology > Energy > Nuclear energy
Why in news?
- Recently, member of NITI Aayog V K Saraswat suggested the government to focus on setting up small modular reactors (SMRs).
- It was suggested to accelerate nuclear power plant projects, set up under fleet mode production, in order to meet India’s base load requirements at the earliest.
- Small modular reactors will help in meeting requirements in distributed manner.
About Small Modular Reactors (SMRs):
- Small modular reactors are advanced nuclear reactors, with the power capacity of 300 MW(e) per unit.
- This equals to 1/3rd of generating capacity of traditional nuclear power reactors.
- The nuclear plant is likely to be built in a period of 5 years, under fleet mode.
- An important aspect of the advanced nuclear reactor is that, it is factory fabricated.
- It can be operated by any agency. Thus, it would attract larger participation of private sector.
Nuclear Power energy in India:
- Currently, 22 reactors are operational in India, with a total capacity of 6,780 MW.
- Out of these, 18 reactors are Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors while 4 are Light Water Reactors.
- Share of nuclear power in overall electricity generation in India was 3.1% in 2020-21.
- India has planned to enhance the current capacity of 6,780 MW to 22,480 MW by 2031, in line with the net-zero targets.
Small Modular Reactors, sometimes seen in news, is associated with:
(a) Waste to Energy
(b) Nuclear Power
(c) Solar Power